Glossary

The automotive world has become more and more complex in recent years. Connected vehicles, EVs, autonomous vehicles, new fleet management tools, data collection regulation and many other important innovations are introducing a plethora of new terms and terminology into the field. This glossary is here to help clarify some of these terms and we hope you find it useful.

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  • Aggregate Vehicle Data
    Aggregate vehicle data represents high-level data that is acquired Read More
  • Automotive Data
    A connected vehicle constantly produces data from multiple sensors and systems inside the vehicle. This includes data streams from the various engine sub-system, infotainment units, fuel systems, advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and more. Data includes status attributes like parking(...) Read More
  • Automotive IoT
    IoT or the Internet of Things refers to physical objects that are embedded with communication technology that connect and exchange data over the internet. In the automotive context IoT is actually made up of two environments. One is internal and connects various sensors and subsystems to the(...) Read More
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  • BEV or Battery Electric Vehicle
    An alternative name for an electric vehicle (EV), A 100% battery-powered Electric Vehicle. Read More
  • Blurred Data
    Blurred data is data that was treated so that it cannot be traced back to an individual, and is thus GDPR compliant. Complete data anonymization often renders the data useless, however data blurring allows aggregate data to be useful, while protecting the privacy and security of individuals. Read More
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  • Car Data API
    The Car Data API allows applications and developers to access data produced by vehicles. There is no standard API for pulling information from vehicles in the industry, and no standards in measurements either. Moreover, developing a relationship with each vendor separately, and securing proper(...) Read More
  • Car Dongle
    A car dongle is an after-market telematic device used to collect data and sometimes provide connectivity to a vehicle. Dongles are plugged into a standard OBD II port (that is no longer in use in EVs) and can receive vehicle data from sensors in the car to track various metrics and report on(...) Read More
  • CCPA
    The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is a state statute intended to enhance privacy rights for residents of California. To be CCPA compliant organizations are required to "implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices" in protecting consumer data. Read More
  • Charging Point
    See EV Charging station Read More
  • Charging Station
    See EV Charging station Read More
  • Connected Vehicle
    Connected vehicle is a term used to describe vehicles that have their own connection to the internet (either using its own SIM card or connecting to one via bluetooth). As modern vehicles carry with them a vast array of sensors, this makes them a data warehouse on wheels that can be accessed(...) Read More
  • Consent Management
    Vehicle data can be traced back to an individual and it is therefore important to ensure that they give informed consent before it can be used. Transparency is the number-one factor driving consumers’ decisions about whether to share their data with apps and services and Otonomo’s Consent(...) Read More
  • Construction Data
    Construction is a vital part of every city, but it has a significant effect on traffic, leading to increased congestion and delays during the construction period. Connected construction equipment can provide invaluable up to date information on sites and disturbances that is hard to come by(...) Read More
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  • Data for Good
    Data for Good is a movement that encourages using data to solve humanitarian and social issues in a variety of fields. Applying data for social good has led to new and creative ways to address global issues, and it presents a huge opportunity in mobility and transportation. Otonomo is(...) Read More
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  • EV Charging Station
    An EV charging station supplies electrical power for charging plug-in electric vehicles. Currently there are three different types of EV charging levels (Level 1, 2 and 3) used for different scenarios. Level 1 charging stations use American regular power outlets (110-120V) for very slow(...) Read More
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  • Fleet Management Companies (FMC)
    A vehicle fleet management company is a company that manages and owns a large number of vehicles. Some then lease these vehicles to their customers. Fleet management companies (FMC) are not to be confused with fleet management systems (FMS). Read More
  • Fleet Management System (FMS)
    Fleet management system interface is a standard interface to vehicle data of commercial vehicles decided on by Daimler AG, MAN AG, Scania, Volvo DAF Trucks and IVECO in 2002 to make manufacturer-independent applications for telematics possible. Read More
  • Floating Car Data
    Floating car data is the time-stamped geolocation and speed of a vehicle collected directly from it. Combining floating car data with other data sources creates multi-layered data that can be leveraged for actionable insights across many different aspects of city life. Read More
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  • GDPR
    The European Union (EU) General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a legal framework that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of the personal information of individuals within the EU. Since some of the data that’s generated from connected cars may be personal data, companies(...) Read More
  • GDPR
    GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation and is the EU regulation that deals with the transfer and use of personal data in and outside the EU. GDPR is aimed at improving the control and rights individuals have over their own data and is the model for many similar data protection laws(...) Read More
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  • Hazard Data
    Despite our best efforts the road is a hazardous place. Some hazards stem from weather conditions, others from potholes and other unpredictable surface areas and others still from unforeseen events and accidents. Hazard data can be used in real and near-real time to handle dangerous situations(...) Read More
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  • Intelligent Transport System
    Intelligent transport systems are a key part of smart cities, and use data to provide innovative transportation solutions. These systems use aggregate data from the connected vehicles to help planning as well as real-time data to manage traffic,  Read More
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  • MaaS
    Mobility as a service is a concept that shifts away from personally-owned transportation towards multi-modal mobility relaying on short term rentals and provided as a service. This includes a mix of public and private transportation providers and requires extensive use of data in order to(...) Read More
  • Micro Mobility
    Micro mobility refers to a range of small, lightweight vehicles operating at speeds typically below 25 km/h including e-bikes, electric scooters and more. Micro mobility often serves as the last-mile solution for multi-modal transportation, and is aמ important part MaaS. The efficient and cost(...) Read More
  • Mobility Intelligence
    Mobility intelligence harnesses AI, deep learning algorithms and data science to transform anonymized data into actionable, impactful and monetizable insights. It is in the heart of turning data into knowledge and extracting real value from measurable variables. Read More
  • Multimodal Mobility
    Multimodal mobility is characterised by a combination of different transportation modes often in a single trip. In order for multimodal transportation to work an extensive use of mobility intelligence and data needs to go into planning an appropriate infrastructure, including public(...) Read More
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  • Neutral Servers
    Neutral Servers make data available to third-party service providers in a safe and secure manner, without requiring those third parties to sign a contract directly with each automotive manufacturer. In the case of vehicle data, neutral servers also make sure data privacy requirements are met,(...) Read More
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  • OBD/OBDII
    OBD stands for On-Board Diagnostics and it is a standardized system that records data and monitors engine performance primarily designed for troubleshooting. OBD II or 2 is the second iteration of that system. OBD is no longer standard in EV vehicles and is therefore predicted to phase out. Read More
  • OD Matrix
    OD or Origin Destination Matrix is a description of movement in a certain area and is used to assess the demand for transportation. In an OD Matrix each cell is an intersection of a trip from an origin to a destination, and the higher the number of these trips the more this route is in demand.(...) Read More
  • OvD Matrix
    An OvD or Origin-via-Destination matrix is an evolution of the OD matrix that takes into account traffic passing through a polygon or area of interest. Each combination of origin, via and destination creates a node in the network and allows filtering origins and destinations based on trips and(...) Read More
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  • Parking Data
    Parking data is reported by vehicles and relevant and timely parking availability information can be targeted (for example sending disabled bay availability) or aggregated (for example an alert when parking is all but gone in an area). Parking data is also important for assessing demand and(...) Read More
  • Personal Car Data
    Personal Car Data can be attributed directly to an individual vehicle using a VIN number. When using personal data consent needs to be explicitly granted. Personal data is used by fleets to track their vehicles, and can be used by concierge services to individual drivers. Read More
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  • Range (or Battery) Anxiety
    An often irrational fear some drivers experience in regards to running out of battery in electric vehicles. Range anxiety is responsible for some hesitancy in the EV adoption and will be overcome as more and more EV charging stations are set up and become more common. Read More
  • Road Signs Data
    Accessing road sign data from the ADAS systems onboard vehicles can give service providers accurate, actionable information and an up-to-date knowledge of current signs. This information is important for proactive maintenance, for support of dynamic signage as part of a smart city solution,(...) Read More
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  • Smart City
    A smart city uses data collected using technology to support its decision making for both tactical and long-term policies. Smart cities use technology to connect with their citizens, to monitor resources and to manage urban mobility, infrastructure, and services. Multi-layered connected(...) Read More
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  • Traffic Data
    Traffic data includes both real-time and historical data that is cleansed, normalized, aggregated, and enriched with geocoding information so that it becomes useful as a tool for assessing traffic in both a planning context and a real-time traffic management one. Read More
  • Traffic Management
    Traffic management refers to planning, control and guidance of moving vehicles and other multimodal means of transportation. It is a key component of a smart city that enables responsive and dynamic traffic management rather than the traditional model that relies almost solely on planning. Read More
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  • Ultrasonic Vehicle Data
    Ultrasonic sensors on connected vehicles are typically used for parking and can detect objects in a vehicle’s immediate surroundings in real time. By utilizing them in a connected vehicle a mapping of free parking as well as parking hazards can be detected. Read More
  • v
  • V2X
    V2X, or “vehicle to everything” describes the communication between a vehicle and its digital environment. V2X includes communication between vehicles (V2V), pedestrians (V2P), infrastructure (V2I), and networks (V2N). In practice the concept of V2X is susceptible to many problems with both(...) Read More
  • Vehicle Data Privacy
    Vehicle Data Privacy from connected vehicles contains potentially identifiable and sensitive information about a vehicle and its driver. That is why privacy needs to be taken into account as the first step to utilizing this data. Read More
  • Vehicle Telematics
    Vehicle telematics gathers and communicates information about various systems inside the vehicle as well as the vehicle as a whole. This enables the creation of services such as preemptive maintenance, safety alerts, fleet management and many more. Read More